Angikam bhuvanam yasya
Vachicam sarva vangmayam
Aharyam chandra taradi
tam vande satvikam shivam.
We bow to Him the benevolent One, Whose limbs are the world, Whose song and poetry are the essence of all language, Whose costume is the moon and the stars…
The most important elements in the Odissi dance are the Bhangis (stylised poses) and Karanas (Yoga based body positions). Odissi has 4 distinct basic postures Sama bhanga, Abhanga, Tribhanga & Chowka. Using this basic postures Abhinaya Chandrika has described the below Bhangis (stylised poses). They are highly stylized, graceful and lyrical structure.
- Alasa(Lazy) Left hand and Right hand with crossed fingers (Potala Mudra) above the head , Tribhanga paada
- Darpana(Mirror) Left hand above head almost touching forehead with Mayura, Right hand in front with inward Pataka, Tribhanga paada
- Abhimana (Self Pride) Right hand near the chin Ardha Suchi/Shukachamchy Mudra, Right hand above head hansasya, Tribhanga Paada
- Nibedana(Request) Pushpaputa Mudra, Tribhanga Paada
- Mardala(Playing Drum) Left hand is bent at the elbow and the wrist with Pataka/Dhwaja Mudra and right hand in the posture as left, Kumbha Paada
- Parswa Mardala(Playing Drum from the side) Left hand above head hansasya, Right hand crossed to left in pataka facing right , Ullolita Paada (Mardal on side
- Akunchana (Umbrella Pose) Both the Hands held above the head like an umbrela by crossing fingers.
- Nikunchana (Basic Kumbha pada) The legs are in Kumbha Pada and palms are on the waste. Glance to the front or naval zone. Used mostly in group dance.
- Shukachanchu(Feminine Walk) Left hand on the waiste wit Ardhachandra mudra and right hand near the chin in Shukanchachu , Legs are in Dhanu Paada. Glance fixed on the legs.
- Biraaja(Beautiful pose) Right hand stretched in front like dola hasta, Left hand bent on the shoulder near the ear with ardhachanra mudra, , Kunchita Paada
- Potalaa(Nritta Bhangi) Cross the fingers of both hands and raise the arms in front of the chest. Potala Mudra is used for best Rhythmic composition and excellent in Lasya. (Optional: Dhanu Paada)
- Shivakaraa (Lord Shiva) Both hands in hansasya placed near the chest one on the top of the other , Kumbha Paada and glance is fixed like Lord Shiva
- Aratrikaa(Archana) Left hand Shikhara near left thigh , Right hand Pataka near the waist , Maha paada (Archana
- Kshiptaa (Tandav) Left hand above head Kshipta(ala padma), Right hand above head kshipta, Uttolita pad
- Kunjarbaktraa Left hand near the chin Kunjarabaktra Mudra (Four fingers bent and thumb joins them at lower part), Right hand above kunjarabaktra mudra, Birasana/Agra Bilagna Parsni Paad
- Chaturmukhaa(Closing part of the dance) Left hand on the side of the chest Chaturmukha Mudra, Right hand on the side of the chest Chaturmukha Mudra, Sama Paad
- Sharakshepa(Shooting of an arrow) Left hand stretched on the side with Musthi and Right hand near bent near the ear, Dhanu Paad
- Shrutikulaa(Surprising Sound) One hand near the ear and the other hand near the waiste with both hands in Dhyana Mudra/Hansasya, Tribhanga Paad
- Gopaana(Feminine dance) Dhanu pada, right hand in Sarpasira(Madhyama and anamika bended and thumb touching the palm) hasta over the shoulder and left hand on the waist
- Nandyavartaa Both hands are in Lolita/Dola Hasta, Foot position Maha pada
- Tarangaa Stretched Tribhanga pada, left up ardha chandra and right is chowka hasta
- Padavalayaa Stand on one foot and other one touching the knee, Right hand abhimana mudra, left hand kapitha - like pulling the ankle
- Meshayuddha Chowka pada, both hasta musti joined at back near the chest
- Pranataa (Pranam) Sama bhanga with anjali mudra.
- Archakaa/Archanaa(Offering) Kunchita pada with Kapota.
Mangalacharan: This is a particular style of dance where permission is sought from the Gods by enloging. This is performed in three sections: Bhumi pranam (Regards to earth), Bandana (Prayer), Sabhapranam (Regards to Gods, Gurus, Audiance).
Stayee/Battu: This is also known as sthayee Nritya. It opines that Lord Shiva is the establisher of dance. It is made up of series of sculpturesque poses representing the playing of vina, Flute, Manjira and drum.
Pallavi: Pallavi means to elaborate, prepared by tilting in different Raagas of odyssey. It is started from slow rhythm and gradually increases & ends in a speedy rhythm.
Abhinaya: The dance which is performed in its gestures singing songs with its expressions of meaning & emotions is called Abhinaya. In this dance the dancer can makes audience laugh & cry. Here feelings are expressed according to the meanings of each word through Mudra(Posture).
Mokshya: Mokshya or Mokhya is a release from worldly bonds & is interpreted as one of the four aims of life i.e. Religion, Property, Inclination, Salvation. The aim & object of salvation is to be merged with the supreme soul.
Work in Progress…….